That excluded black students from the land-grant colleges. It took a second Morrill Act of 1890 after the civil war doing the construction known as the Agriculture College Act of 1890 that required states to establish a separate land-grant college for blacks. Blacks were being excluded from the existing land-grant colleges. And m,any of our HBCUs were founded under this second Morrill Act according to research. It then was all the way in 1980 when president Jimmy |Carter set up a special This funding. Because of historic denial. So it's just been in the last 36 years that we've even talked about trying to deal with the issue of historic denial. Because these colleges were not even included in the first land grant set aside to begin in 1862. Other fact you should know, is that even though historically black colleges were founded to educate black students, they have historically enrolled all students. They've never been legally segregated. Nor have they ever been intentionally segregated. In fact, as of 2013 Non-black students made up 20% of historically black colleges and universities enrolled. Historically black colleges and universities disproportionate enroll low income, first generation college students. Precisely the students that the country needs the most to obtain college degrees.75% of students at HBCU usually receive [UNKNOWN] grants and 13% rely on plus loans to meet their college expenses. HBCU's have one eighth of the average size of endowments than historically white college and universities. So if you drain their money, you bankrupt them.And what do you do when you bankrupt them? You turn them into training centers,you take away that legacy,HBCU's have historically provided affordable education to millions of students of color.And And these are some numbers you should know. HBCU's are responsible for 22% of the current bachelors degree granted to African Americans. They're responsible for 40% of the members of congress that are black.12.5% Of the black CEOs in this country came from HBCU. 40% of the engineers, 50% of professors and 50% of lawyers. 80% of black judges come From historically black colleges and universities. It is shameful and downright extreme and despicable, the way in which this legislature has spent all of its time since they have been in office, attacking the poor Attacking the sick, attacking immigrants, attacking women, attacking the LGBT community, attacking voting rights, attacking Muslims and attacking public education And teachers and workers. And now attacking one of North Carolina's proudest traditions, and that is our HBCU Universities. Our colleges like Western Carolina that provided for the poorest in the mountains. And Pembroke University Which was designed particularly for Native Americans. Somebody said last week. We have entered into dark times. It wasn't me, it was David Bergen Former chief, former adviser to Ronald Reagan, he said something I have stated at Guilford College in my commencement and people said I shouldn't have said it, but then in Eline College, they even encouraged me when I read form his notes and said the same thing Same thing. We're not dealing with conservatives [UNKNOWN]. We are dealing with extremists who are wrongfully using their power to try to dismantle everything for the uplift of all people And only catering to the wealthiest and the power greddy among us. We stand against this bill,
we stand against this extremism and as Taylor will tell you, I'll all the NWACP both our adult and youth and college division, we will organise and organise and organise Organise this summer so that people know what's going on and to get people to pause. [BLANK_AUDIO] >> Good morning. >> Good morning. >> Thank you Representative Hall for hosting this space for us that allows me to speak truth to power. As From Barbara, a state my name is Taylor Swance. I'm the field secretary for the North Cornor Youth and College Division of the NWACP. We know that this general assembly has sponsored all types of Bills that are anti people, anti democracy and once again now it's anti public education. We know that That the main sponsor of this bill is the same senator who pushed for the worst voter suppression bill in our nation. We know that the 20 co sponsors of this bill who signed on to this bill, none of these institutions that are being affected do not sit in their districts. That's something that we need to Pay attention to because these folks are going round saying that they wanna make college more affordable and the media picked a banner that tuition for $500 is a joke. It's the way as Dr. Barbara said, to bankrupt our institutions. We were told that they were gonna invest $70 million into the Budgets for these institutions for this current year but we wanna raise a question to those law makers who are pushing this bill. What happens to the other years when you guys make the budget and there's no rule for this $70 million? What's gonna happen to our institutions? We know that North Carolina has the most historically black colleges and Universities in this This nation. We know that North Carolina has also some of our HPC Use, Barbara Schosure to be exact, to shut there doors. We cannot afford to allow this Bill to shut our institutions down. Instead we need to have these law makers really understand the history and you know Margaret Spellings was our UNC President. She went around and did a 100 day tour where she first began her term as UNC president. And if Mrs, [UNKNOWN] was really concerned about our UNC system she would have took the time to understand the history of our HBCU. She would have learned that Elizabeth City State was one of the first institutions in the East for African-American teachers. She Learned that [UNKNOWN] State was the first public institution that was state sponsored when she was doing her tour. She would also learn that not only that [UNKNOWN] was founded at Shaw University, that the North Carolina ANC played a pivotal role in the civil rights movement at the sit ins, but she would have also learned the History of our HPCU's and that our historically black colleges are not only open for African Americans. They're open for all people who want to get a genuine education. And what she would have learned if she was truly concerned about our HPCU's and about our UNC system that one thing that my HPCU taught me, cuz I'm a proud alum of North Carolina A&T, that you are taught self-pride, you're taught to go out there and change the world. And one thing that Chester/g gives, who was the president during the sit-in movement, one thing that he said and one thing that we put out at A&T is that we're not trained what to think, we're trained on how to think So therefore we are looking at this bill and we know that this bill is a direct attack on our UNC system, and that this bill is just a stepping stone for other schools across the south. To begin the ushering bills that wanna attack our HBCU. So we're here today to say that we are against Senate Bill 873 and we will not allow this Extremist law makers to hijack our institutions and to force them into bankruptcy. And if that means that we have to organize all day and all night to fight for our institutions, we will. Because we know that too much blood has been shared and has been slaughtered for our institutions. We know that our HBCU [UNKNOWN] Was a place for African Americans to understand their culture and to learn about their self pride and our history and we cannot allow these extremists to demolish our ancestors histories. We know that on February 1 that this nation and And this state in facts celebrates February 1 which was a day that HPCU students changed this nation for the best and when you begun to go around and try to demolish our HPCU's, and get rid of the legacy and the history that's behind it, you are causing a great dishonor so therfore I'm gonna introduce Delaney/g who was a student at North Corolina and Tim, before I do that ,
I think Reverend Barber I might have to borrow your word real quick, because I think it's really fitting. But if we ever needed to vote, I think that we need to vote now because all the issues that we are fighting Are connected to the booth and so in June 7th there is a primary. We gotta get out there and vote and in November we gotta get out there and vote because when you sit back and you do not exercise your right to vote, you allow the wrong people to get into office to represent you so Delaney if you would come forward at this time [COUGH] >> Goodmorning Tyler already introduced me, I'm Delaney Vadergrift. I'm the political science student at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University. This past week at the board of governors meeting. The Winston-Salem State University student body president said something That really resonated with me. She said, HBCUs are not optional, they're our right. I'd like to further explain to the General Assembly, the people and to the board of governors why HBCUs are our right. Black students should not be forced to attend any institution that has or had buildings named after People who organized terror on the black community, our community, such as William Boyd Sanders UMC alumni class of 1856, and former KKK organizer. Black students will not have to attend institutions who uphold white middle-class standards and demonize black students on campus Black students will not have to subject ourselves to the micro progressions constantly found at predominately white institutions. Black students should not have to put away our African American vernacular english to appease none black students around us. HPC Use were created to serve and protect the history of black people And to deliver a comfortable, safe environment for us. HBCUs are a safe place for us that PWIs are not. We deserve black universities centered around us and our history after years of a watered down version of our people's greatness, resilience, strength and intelligence Winston Salem State University, Elizabeth City State University and Fayetteville State University have such a rich history and have played a huge role in black liberation and still do. Considering that the general assembly and board of governors are not representative of HBCUs, I understand that you all may not see the value of In our institutions but we do. Students, alumni, the entire country knows that HBCU's code value and we're just hoping and we're just going to organize that the SV873 will be stopped because black minds matter just as black lives do. Thank you. And to thank you so much I wanna ask for Father Bob to come from an inn and introduce himself but I do want to say that HPC Use are benefit to all North Carolinas. I want use to be reminded of that history that HPC Use were never segregated. >> Correct. >> Hm. >> I want you to understand that. Never segregated in their And never segregating in the ability to calm . Now when we first went HPCU we had to go to HPCU. I have have children who are products of both. HPCU. As well as the university of North Carolina. They had a choice my children. Went to the HPCU because of the curriculum they offer. I graduated from North Carolina central and Duke university. Because a mind can function anywhere. But what this is. This a deliberate attack to undermine the very place where a lot of students get their start. You said a state. You know Fair of state was started by a republican. One of the founders of the republican party in the state he was black. JW hood came from a high school he founded. That before 1870 people said we were the most productive high school in the state. Not the most productive. Back high school. And he ended up being the founder of Livingstone College. These crowd doesn't even know their history. They don't know the benefit of these institutions. I think we had a government graduate from a HBCU. Yeah. They don't even know the history And most of the early legislators who were lawyers in this building, if it had not been for North Carolina Central Law school they would not have had their law degrees. Thank God for those that have been able to go. And this is a country where we always want to talk about history, the founding fathers, what Restoring, holding on to those things that have benefited us in the past and the present, but now when it comes to HBCU a different stand. Bob, I wanted him to come, my good friend and church brother to
say a word, because this is not just a black issue. >> Yeah, I'd like to take this from a slightly different perspective. My name Is Bob Kennol/g. 25 years ago we formed an organization called the Council of UNC Alumni Association Presidents. All 16 public universities at the time came together. We created this basketball, it's known as the university basketball, and the colors of all 16 universities University are on this one ball. In 1993 we presented this ball to governor Hunt to get the bond issue passed, $1.6 billion bond issue, through the ball to him and said the ball is in your court Mr. Mr Governor, and then we shot 30,000 free throws out of the state fair to get it through. In 2000, $3.1 billion bond issue we created the community college basketball for higher education, shot 42,000 free throws, Monday she just passed like mad. In April. We had the connect North Carolina bond issued, and we came back and went around the state giving presentations of a new basketball was created. And that passed very nicely, but it was no state fair to shoot. But here's the key, this is all 16 public universities Since 1991 we had attended every board of governors meeting. And it gave a place at the HBUs at the time had a voice that they had not had before, certainly not on the board of governors. Only one or two people I 32 where and so we excited to that purpose. Haskin boes/g 10 years ago asked us to go into a quietness mode until this next bond issue came up which we did. Let me tell you this is not the first time we've had these kinds of words and thoughts floating around. Within the legislature and within the board of governors. And we have fought at each time the strength of the council was in one sense protecting and giving voice to the HBU's. It's not by accident that the people that are really been hind this activity. And secret at it was are not people who've graduated from any UNC system who did not do public education in North Carolina. It's not that you learn something so much different, But you don't have a feel for what really is the nut of why North Carolina is great. I'm a member of the NWACP I am the only unrested member of the Moral Monday. And I told William it will happen but it will count big when it does happen. Be fooled by this any more than the last three or four things that the legislator passed under false pretenses and have not done the reputation of the state of North Carolina any good at all. >> Thank you so much. >> Want to do some quick housekeeping before we throw it open to questions and I wanna recognize Rep Paul Luebke who is here as well as Rep Garland Pierce head of the legislative black coccus and wanna just make a few final comments before we throw it open to questions for everyone. Please understand we have 10 HBCUs in North Carolina. Five of them are private, five are public and this bill will have a terrific impact A devastating impact on those five private HPCU's as well as the public once that we are specifically speaking about the funding for and the tuition course. Please be aware of the community collages who will also lose enrollment and please be aware of the fact that this will help. Denied the opportunity for first time college attendees and those who need academic assistance in there [INAUDIBLE_AUDIO] they have a place to go, I am a HPCU graduate Johnson C. Smith University, some folks say I am the walking commercial for public education in North Carolina, I attended public high schools all the way through high Schools, public schools, I attended two HBCU North Carolina State University and Johnson C. Smith University, graduated from North Carolina Chapel Hill Law School. So I am the walking commercial for that and I needed every opportunity that the state gave and provided and I have some duty as some folks see it To help in this fight and ensure other people can travel that same path, have the same opportunity and can serve their state going forward. I wanna throw it with questions, do we have anyone else we need to have speak if we don't have questions?
Okay. >> Just delighted to be here with this, delighted it means terminology but we We understand, I'm a graduate at Favor State University Short Invenetive School, so I full well understand the impact of what we're dealing with today. Leader Hall made an important point. We need to have a comprehensive program as For HPC User That what we need to really set at the table and really figure out what we're gonna do as Leader Hall As Leader Hall said, if this goes through the other private colleges will be affected. They cannot afford to loose a hundred students. Either one of them will be devastated with know that the challenge they already having. So if you loose at least a hundred students to this scheme, your gonna have real problems. So we gonna stand fast and work had to ensure the best of our With God's help to really defeat this bill and we need just support and your help, thank you for allowing me to just to make those comments, thank you. >> Leader/g Hall, let me mention who the [INAUDIBLE_AUDIO] to give them our moment, we don't just curse the darkness since 2007 we had called for equitable funding of HBCUs We had called for more funding because of the historic under-funding of HBCU, we challenged both parties in that regard but we've never seen this kind of all out attempt to just dismantle bankrupt/g and undermine the flow of dollars and But I want you to know, even when we were talking about things like Leader Hall dealing with the, what is it called when women were not allowed to >> [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] >> Uh-uh. Have their children when they were, what was that,the compliment >> Sterilisation. Sterilization. We've said why don't we take some of that money and create a special women's institute, medical on a HBCU [INAUDIBLE AUDIO]. We've been constantly thinking about ways to strengthen these great schools that have such a tremendous foundation. But for some reason this crowd of extremists, they have a disdain for the very thing they Swore to uphold. [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] is one of those few states where in Article 1 of our Constitution, it says the people have a right to public education. As a matter of the Article 1 of our Constitution, is right there, and so we have to To fight and we have to organize against this bill. We encourage everybody to join tomorrow, students and others who will be at Halifax mall. We want you to come out, of all races, creed, colors and kind because this is really a battle again, about the soul of the state. Any questions? >> [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] >> Yes ma'am. [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] Barbara do you think that tuition right now is affordable for students at HBCU or do you think it could be- >> The reason many students go HBCUs is because it has had a historic commitment to having affordable tuition. We're Remember the NWACP, we've always fought for things like more money for pay off grants, we don't believe that students should pay more interest while groups that steal from the government end up getting loans for free, basically, but this is again it is more It is more affordable at HPCU than other places and it's proven by other facts as I gave you 50% of lawyers and judges and majority of teachers and even 20% of those that go to the HPCU are many times non black students because of the affordability but again this legislature is smart, no they're not smart, they're Shrud because they start in argument at a certain place, they got Trumpism down. They start an argument at a certain place that's not what it's really about. So for instance, they call something Voter ID Log and it wasn't about voter ID, it was about voter suppression. They say that the voucher program was about making education more affordable Particularly for black students when they know even the so called voucher scholarship that they gave, even if someone had got it they still would have to pay so much more money to get into a private school so yes, our schools are affordable, yes we should be fighting to strengthen those, yes we should be fighting for more resources for public education. I happen to believe in this country College ought to be accessible free because college is not only the moral thing to do, it is the economic thing to do. The more intelligent, the more trained your populace is, the more it spurs your business and economic development. But this is not about affordability, that's the trick that they're trying to get people to buy. Just like they said when they cut earned income tax credit. [LAUGH] That even Ronald Reagan supported,
that it was somehow good for working people. They are shrewd >> [COUGH] >> At headlines. Every headline they raise most of the time, if You look underneath it, there's something else going on. They said the Bathroom Bill was about bathroom. We found out five points of the Bathroom Bill had nothing to do with bathrooms. It had all something to do with blocking living wages,and blocking access to employment discrimination cases. So what we're challenging is the whole argument. If they were serious about Affordability at HPCU then they ought to be standing and supporting more money for pale grams they ought to be standing for Lowering the interest rates on loans that students have to be, they ought to be standing for increasing the funding at HPCU not undermining the funding stream This media? >> [INAUDIBLE] >> Has to be media. >> I'm sorry [INAUDIBLE] >> Any other questions from media? I think we've got a question from this- >> Yeah. How you doing? I'm [INAUDIBLE] christian church. What do I say on Sunday morning as I stand before my congregation which has a lot of students Going back to school, and students who want to go to school. What are the specifics that I need to let them know as to why this bill is the way that it is. >> Mm-hm. >> Specifics, if you can help me with that please I'd appreciate it. >> Well I would say number one you need to say that they need to join this movement this summer. >> Okay. >> So that's the first thing they do, they stand against/g Senate Bill 873. We gotta stop it in its track. it should not even be an issue. That's number one. They need to take this summer also and organize like students did in 1964. Students at these colleges should make this their freedom summer. I call it the FE summer, Freedom Education summer. They ought to be registered and everybody They can to vote, and they ought to be making sure that people get to the poll. Number three, they ought to know that if somebody fooled you once it's their fault, if they fool you twice it's your fault. This legislature has tried to fool North Carolina more than one time. You have to be suspicious and And render suspect any time that they say they're gonna do something good because they've proven that the headline is one thing, but their heart in the pages is another thing. The headlines talk about reducing, but this is not the way you reduce or make colleges more affordable, because they're against everything else that would Make college more affordable. This is a headline [UNKNOWN] designed to drain and bankrupt HBCUs in this state, and it's wrong and we should stand up against it. >> LarryHall you have any? >> Well, and I know we're about to close out but I think it's important before Contact your representative. If you're a graduate or somehow a member of your family is a graduate, you owe the success of your community etc to the success of HBCUs and the university system overall in North Carolina you need to be in touch and say how senate bill 873 should not pass Without full involvement of all the stakeholders and we should have a comprehensive plan, not a secret plan. >> Any other questions? All right, well thank you all. And we'll see you tomorrow at 1 o'clock. The rally is 1:30 on the mall.Thank you. >> Thank you all. I'm encouraging all our people to be there I won't be there, I've got to be out of town but [INAUDIBLE] will be there. [BLANK_AUDIO] [INAUDIBLE] [NOISE] I'm doing fine and I'm glad to be here. [BLANK_INAUDIBLE] Thank you so much. [BLANK_AUDIO] [BLANK_AUDIO] [ BLANK_AUDIO]] [BLANK_AUDIO]
[BLANK_AUDIO] [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] [CROSS TALK] [CROSS TALK] [CROSS TALK] [CROSS TALK] [CROSS_TALK] [CROSS_TALK] [CROSS_TALK] [CROSS_TALK] [CROSSTALK] [CROSSTALK] [CROSSTALK] [BLANK_AUDIO] Dennis was very helpful along this council UNC alumni. Back in the early 1990s. Forming another council on the HB2. I think he's sitting on that. Let me take my HB2, I've got a letter to the editor. It's been printed and [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] That's called propagators in the legislature. And it goes simply like this, lot's said and done about HB2 But I think I found the core of the problem and that is we've got some
propagators with abundant mendacity and a back room fetish. Yeah. And I said, and the background of this is when I was on [INAUDIBLE AUDIO]earliest joke I can remember my dad tell me [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] [CROSSTALK] [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] [BLANK_AUDIO] [SOUND] [INAUDIBLE AUDIO] [SOUND] BLANK_AUDIO]